A Brief History of Educational and Psychological Assessment. Assessments throughout history have typically strove to identify individual differences in intellectual, personality, and physical traits. Historians have documented various forms of assessment as early as 2,000-2,500 years ago. There were also several pseudosciences developed with the aims of identifying intelligence, amongst other things.
The idea of individual differences can be said to have sparked the development of intelligence tests. In 1959 Darwin's theory of Natural Selection. Galton, Cattell, Binet, Simon, Goddard and Terman all contributed to define American Psycology in the 20th century.
Today we see many of the tests that were initially developed during this era, updated of course. Present day educational assessment is filled with standardized, norm-referenced tests for college and graduate studies admission and also standardized criterion-referenced tests in hopes of measuring the quality of instruction that has been provided. Today, technology has allowed researchers to develop tests that are both valid and reliable
Assessments are expected to be further refined in the future, with Few radical changes. Technology may provide us with advances in recording individual differences. Neuropsychological assessment will continue to expand. Also, it is expected that various assessments will be available in other languages other than English (i.e., Spanish and Vietnamese etc.).
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